Canada Research Chair in
History and Sociology of Science

 

HPS 1006 - Historical Introduction to the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

Professor: Yves Gingras
Tuesday 2-4.

1) January 17th : The roots of the Sociology of Knowledge.

Readings :

  1. Robert K. Merton, "Paradigm for the Sociology of knowledge" Chapter 1 of The Sociology of Science, Chicago U. Press, 1973, pp. 7-40.

2) January 24th : The scientific Community

Readings :

  1. Robert K. Merton, "The Normative Structure of Science", Chapter 13 of The Sociology of Science, Chicago U. Press, 1973, pp. 267-278;
  2. Waren Hagstrom, « Social Control in Science » in The Scientific Community, Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, 1975. pp. 9-68.

3) January 31th : Social Stratification in Science

Readings :

  1. Robert K. Merton, The Sociology of Science, Chicago U. Press, 1973, chapters 20 and 21.

4) February 7th : The scientific Field

Readings :

  1. Pierre Bourdieu, "The specificity of the scientific Feild and the Social Conditions for the progress of Reason" Social Science Information, 1976.
  2. Bruno Latour and Steve Woolgar, "The Cycle of Credibility", in Barry Barnes and David Edge (Eds), Science in Context, MIT press, 1982, pp. 35-43.

5) February 14th : The Strong programme

Readings :

  1. David Bloor, Knowledge and Social Imagery, Chicago Press, 1991, chap. 1, pp. 3-26.
  2. Harry Collins, "Tacit Knowledge and Scientific network", in Barry Barnes and David Edge (Eds), Science in Context, MIT press, 1982, pp. 44-64.

6) February 21th : Sociology of Interests

Readings :

  1. Andrew Pickering, "Interests and Analogies", in Barry Barnes and David Edges (Eds), Science in Context, MIT press, 1982, pp. 125-146.
  2. H. M. Collins, "The Replication of Experiments in Physics", in Barry Barnes and David Edge (Eds), Science in Context, MIT press, 1982, pp. 94-116.

7) February 28th : Scientific controversies I:

Readings :

  1. Simon, Bart, "Public Science: Media Configuration and Closure in the Cold Fusion Debate", Public Understanding of Science, vol. 10, 2001, pp. 382-402.
  2. Pinch, Trevor, "Towards an analysis of scientific observation: The externality and evidential significance of observational reports in physiques", Social Studies of Science 1985, 15: 3-36.

8) March 7th : Scientific controversies II:

Readings :

  1. Collins, H.M., "Tantalus and the aliens: Publications, audiences, and the search for gravitational waves", Social Studies of Science 1999, 29: 163-197.
  2. Franklin, Allan, "How to avoid the experimenters' regress", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 1994, 25: 463-491.
  3. Godin, Benoît et Yves Gingras, "The Experimenters’ regress : From Skepticism to Argumentation", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, vo. 33, no 1, march 2002, pp. 133-148.

9) March 14th : Public controversies I

Readings :

  1. Dorothy Nelkin, "Science Controversies : the Dynamics of Public Disputes in the United States", pp. 444-456;
    et chapitre 22 : Brian Martin and Eveleen Richards, "Scientific Knowledge Controversy and Public Decision Making", pp. 506-526.
  2. Stefan Timmermans and Valerie Leitger, "The Redemption of Thalidomide : Standardizing the Risk of Birth Defects", Social Studies of Science, vol. 30, 2000, pp. 41-71.

10) March 21th : Public controversies II

Readings :

  1. Alison Rawling, "The AIDS Virus Dispute : Awarding Priority for the Discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency VIRUS (HIV)", Science, Technology and Human Values, vol. 19, no 3, 1994, pp. 342-360.
  2. Steven Epstein, "Activism, Drug Regulation, and the Politics of Therapeutic Evaluation in the AIDS Era : A Case Study of the ddC and the ‘Surrogate Markers’ Debate", Social Studies of Science, vol. 27, 1997, pp. 691-726.

11) March 28th : Rhetorics of science

Readings :

  1. Alan G. Gross, Joseph E. Harmon and Michael S. Reidy, "Argument and 17th century Science : A Rhetorical Analysis with Sociological Implications", Social Studies of Science, vol. 30, 2000, pp. 371-396.

12) April 4th : Sociology of Technological de Innovation

Readings :

  1. Ann Rudinow Saetnan, "Rigid Politics and Technological Flexibility : The Anatomy of a Failed Hospital Innovation", Science, Technology and Human Values, vol.16, no4, 1991, pp. 419-447.

13) April 11th : Organisations and Technologies

Readings :

  1. Diane Vaughan, "The Rôle of the Organization in the Production of Techno-Scientific Knowledge", Social Studies of Science, vol. 29, 1999, pp. 913-943.

14) April 18th

Readings :

  1. H. M. Collins, "In Praise of Futile Gestures: How Scientific is the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge?", Social Studies of Science, Vol. 26, No. 2, Special Issue on 'The Politics of SSK: Neutrality, Commitment and beyond'. (May, 1996), pp. 229-244.
  2. Brian Martin, "Sticking a Needle into Science: The Case of Polio Vaccines and the Origin of AIDS", Social Studies of Science, Vol. 26, No. 2, Special Issue on 'The Politics of SSK: Neutrality, Commitment and beyond'. (May, 1996), pp. 245-276.
  3. Evelleen Richards, "(Un)Boxing the Monster", Social Studies of Science, Vol. 26, No. 2, Special Issue on 'The Politics of SSK: Neutrality, Commitment and beyond'. (May, 1996), pp. 323-356.
  4. Vicky Singleton, "Feminism, Sociology of Scientific Knowledge and Postmodernism: Politics, Theory and Me", Social Studies of Science, Vol. 26, No. 2, Special Issue on 'The Politics of SSK: Neutrality, Commitment and beyond'. (May, 1996), pp. 445-468.